Agroforestry Inroads from the Traditional Two-Crop Systems in Heartlands of the Indo-Gangetic Plains

  • P. S. Pathak
  • J. C. Dagar
  • Rajesh Kaushal
  • O. P. Chaturvedi
Part of the Advances in Agroforestry book series (ADAG, volume 10)


The Indo-Gangetic Plains formed by the sedimentation from Himalayas are one of the most fertile regions of the world. It covers an area of 15.3 % of the country and provides shelter to about 33 % human and 35 % livestock population of the country. The region has been heavily exploited for agriculture by the indiscriminate use of high yielding varieties, fertilizers, pesticides, chemicals, etc., which has resulted in soil degradation and unsustainable use of natural resources. Declining productivity, soil quality, water table; waterlogging; and salinity have now become a major problems in this region which needs immediate attention. Agroforestry in this region has high potential to address the issues of degradation and sustainability. Recognizing the importance of agroforestry, organized research was initiated in Indo-Gangetic plains in early 1970s through industry participation in plantations of Populus deltoides. The research, however, gained momentum with the allocation of a seven coordinating center of All India Coordinated Research Project on Agroforestry (AICRP AF) by Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR) in 1983. Simultaneously, other organizations like ICFRE, WIMCO, Pragati Biotechnologies, ITC, Star paper mill, etc., and some NGOs also started research in agroforestry. Joint efforts of research in last 3 decades have resulted in development of different agroforestry models. Management and cultural practices of trees and annual crops have also been standardized. Quality planting material of many tree species has been developed which has resulted in productivity enhancement and large scale adoption of agroforestry by the farmers. Agroforestry has also played a major role in the rehabilitation of lands degraded by salinization, ravines, gullies, and other water and wind erosion hazards in this region. The impact of agroforestry in this region is well recognized. Poplar and Eucalyptus based agroforestry, and agrihorticulture systems are some of the successful models which have been adopted by farmers on large scale. The present chapter is an attempt to review the progress made in agroforestry R&D during the last 3 decades. Some of key issues which are required for the development of agroforestry have also been discussed.


Populus Deltoides Tree Outside Forest Pongamia Pinnata Agroforestry Technology Block Plantation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. S. Pathak
    • 1
  • J. C. Dagar
    • 2
  • Rajesh Kaushal
    • 3
  • O. P. Chaturvedi
    • 3
  1. 1.Ex-ADG (Agroforestry) ICARNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Krishi Anusandhan Bhawan II, ICARPusaIndia
  3. 3.Central Soil and Water Conservation Research and Training InstituteDehradunIndia

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