From Shifting Cultivation to Integrating Farming: Experience of Agroforestry Development in the Northeastern Himalayan Region

  • A. K. Singh
  • A. Arunachalam
  • S. V. Ngachan
  • K. P. Mohapatra
  • J. C. Dagar
Part of the Advances in Agroforestry book series (ADAG, volume 10)


Northeast India comprising of eight states is known for biodiversity richness, which is intricately linked to the socio-culture of the indigenous people. In this region, livelihood is mostly dependent on traditional farming practices such as shifting cultivation, homegarden, taungya systems, etc. The crop combinations are based on the household requirements and have the basis of subsistence. Nonetheless, the cultural practices differed between different tribes in the region. As such, tree farming has been a traditional practice and agroforestry is also being practiced in different forms and formats. With the interventions of ICAR, several models of agroforestry right from horticulture-to-fish-based tree farming have been in practice. In the region, a new model of Intensive Integrated Farming System is being tested for its benefit-cost. As the hilly region receives high rainfall, the role of trees on the terrains receives much importance and as so is the influence of agroforestry practices on soil and water resources. Much research needs to be done on crop combinations with good input management for better socio-economic returns to the tribal farmers.


Agroforestry System Home Garden Total Geographical Area Terrace Field Multipurpose Tree Species 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. K. Singh
    • 1
  • A. Arunachalam
    • 1
  • S. V. Ngachan
    • 2
  • K. P. Mohapatra
    • 2
  • J. C. Dagar
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Natural Resource ManagementIndian Council of Agricultural ResearchNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.I.C.A.R. Research Complex for NEH RegionUmiamIndia

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