In 2007, half of the world population became urban. Some countries have managed urbanization well in terms of providing a reasonable level of public services and infrastructure. Some other countries, however, have not been successful, where fast urbanization brought about slums, pollution and traffic jams. While the failure can be attributed to various causes, this volume puts governance at the forefront of challenges governing urban areas in the developing world and more specifically Asia. As Paul and Sridhar point out, skilled labour and technology can be imported; Substitutes can be found to make up for infrastructure gaps; Power shortage can be relieved through the use of generators or of a national grid; Railways may substitute when roads fail; but governance cannot be imported.
In the context of urbanization, the issue of governance is not limited to managing urban affairs. Rural–urban linkages must be considered. Thus, the first part of this volume focuses on India’s rural programmes. The second part of the volume focuses on urban governance, infrastructure and service delivery. The focus of the last part of the volume is on urbanization and environment.
The first part of the volume focuses on rural programmes in the context of India which include the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), and India’s Total Sanitation Campaign (now the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA)).
KeywordsSmart City Municipal Solid Waste Management Urban Governance Cost Overrun Informal Market
- Samuel P, Sridhar, KS (2013) The paradox of India’s north-south divide: Lessons from the states and regions. Public Affairs CentreGoogle Scholar