Distinct Livelihood Patterns Among Communities: The Case of Kanakapura, Karnataka

  • A. Kavitha
  • S. C. Gladwin Joseph
  • Nitin D. Rai
  • Rosa Abraham


While the previous chapter used a narrative-based approach to provide a glimpse into the changing livelihoods of peripheral communities, this chapter employs a simple socio-economic analysis of livelihood portfolios to provide a similar insight. Located between a growing city and vast forest areas, the taluk of Kanakapura is an illustration of communities living in the peripheries of two distinct landscapes. Analysing patterns of socio-economic characteristics and livelihood strategies enables an understanding of how local communities manage their livelihoods in the face of multiple changes. The analysis based on the caste, landholding and income dimensions brings to light the interplay of multiple factors in strategising poverty reduction with available options. This chapter also highlights the declining dependence on agriculture and forests along with increasing engagement in nonagricultural employment and opportunities that urbanisation brings.


Livelihood Strategy Agricultural Labour Income Class Livelihood Option Agricultural Income 
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 The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support from the Sir Dorabji Tata Trust for conducting the survey and the support from the villagers of Bandedoddi, Budagayyanadoddi, Kumbaradoddi and Therubeedi for participating in the survey. We also thank Manjunath H. and Sudarshan H.C., project assistants who interacted with the community and helped in data gathering along with field assistants Shivram, Shivrudra and Kumar Naik.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Kavitha
    • 1
  • S. C. Gladwin Joseph
    • 2
  • Nitin D. Rai
    • 1
  • Rosa Abraham
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the EnvironmentBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Bangalore and Adjunct Faculty, Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the EnvironmentAzim Premji UniversityBangaloreIndia
  3. 3.Institute for Social and Economic ChangeBangaloreIndia

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