Insect-Pests and Their Management: Current Status and Future Need of Research in Quality Maize

  • M. K. Dhillon
  • V. K. Kalia
  • G. T. Gujar


Maize (Zea mays L.) is an important staple food for millions of people across the world. However, different stress factors mainly the insect-pests, viz., maize stalk borer, pink stem borer, sugarcane leafhopper, shoot bug, armyworm, shoot fly, corn leaf aphid, cob borer, and termites, have constrained the increase in yield potential of the maize genotypes deployed in India. The hybrid initiative turned out to be exceedingly important for Quality Protein Maize (QPM) efforts, and many countries in the developing world including India are becoming increasingly interested in QPM to reduce malnourishment and to sustain nutritional security. However, it is also likely that the increase in concentration and quality of nutritional components particularly the protein in QPM might favor the proliferation of insect-pests as they too prefer quality food for their growth and development and could be major constraints to increasing production and productivity of QPM. Therefore, development and deployment of high-yielding and insect-resistant QPM genotypes under the umbrella of integrated pest management system might help in narrowing down the yield gap by reducing the crop losses caused by insect-pests. Since maize is damaged by an array of insect groups with different feeding habits right from the seedling stage to maturity of the crop, no single strategy is sufficient to manage such complex group of insect-pests. Damage potential of different insect-pests, status of host plant resistance and the mechanisms of resistance involved, and the management of major insect-pests have also been discussed in this chapter.


Stem Borer Maize Genotype Quality Protein Maize Maize Dwarf Mosaic Virus Corn Earworm 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of EntomologyIndian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia

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