Current Practices for Infection Prevention in the Hospital Settings



The principles and practices aimed at prevention and control of hospital-acquired infections are directed at various links in the chain of transmission. They include the following: (1) to contain or eliminate the reservoirs of agents and/or to curtail the persistence of agents in a specific setting, (2) to protect the host against disease caused by microorganisms, and (3) to interrupt the transmission of infection. Interventions to modify environmental reservoirs are aimed at interrupting the transmission for these inanimate environmental sources. The barriers, e.g., masks, were used to keep the smells and “contagion” away even before the germ theory of disease was conceived. The appropriate barriers now include gloves, gowns, and eye protection for blood/body fluid–borne infections and high-filtration masks for infections transmitted by droplet nuclei. The most important and effective nosocomial infection control intervention remains the routine washing of hands before, between, and after patient contact in healthcare settings. This chapter focuses on the interruption of transmission of infectious agents in the hospital setting by Standard Precautions recommended for all patients and “isolation” of patients using precautions based on known methods of transmission.


Hand Hygiene Personal Protective Equipment Infection Control Practice Universal Precaution Contact Precaution 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BonSecours DePaul Medical CenterNorfolkUSA
  2. 2.Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal MedicineEastern Virginia Medical SchoolNorfolkUSA
  3. 3.Department of Microbiology and Molecular Cell BiologyEastern Virginia Medical SchoolNorfolkUSA

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