Monitoring of High-Risk Areas: Burn Units
Burns are one of the most common and devastating forms of trauma. Globally WHO estimates burn-related deaths to be 195,000 annually, and almost half occur in the Southeast Asia Region. In India, over 6–7 million people sustain moderate or severe burns per year. In 2008, over 410,000 burn injuries occurred in the United States of America, with approximately 40,000 requiring hospitalization . Infection and sepsis are among the leading causes of mortality in burns, responsible for 75 % of all deaths . Prevention and control of infections in burn patient is a challenge as several characteristics of burn patients (Table 16.1) make them particularly susceptible to infection; the environment in burn units (BUs) can become contaminated; and these organisms can be easily transmitted. Thus, BU can be a site of explosive and prolonged outbreaks caused by resistant organisms.
KeywordsResistant Organism Total Body Surface Area Surveillance Culture Infection Control Practice National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance
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