Decontamination and Sterilization Procedures
The optimization of disinfection and sterilization procedures is important in preventing healthcare-associated infections. Data from the National Survey of Ambulatory Surgery (NSAS) showed that an estimated 53.3 million surgical and nonsurgical procedures were performed in the United States in 2006, including 9.2 million gastrointestinal endoscopies . The introduction of pathogens leading to infection is the most common form of postoperative morbidity and a major cause of mortality in all such procedures. Disinfection and sterilization are essential to ensure that equipments and instruments used on patients do not transmit infections to them. Many outbreaks have been reported due to serious deficiencies in the disinfection and sterilization techniques employed in hospitals [2–4]. The goals of effective disinfection and sterilization of medical equipment/devices are, therefore, to prevent transmission of microorganisms to patients and hospital personnel and to minimize damage to medical equipment/devices from human material (e.g., blood, body fluids, saline, and medications) or inappropriate handling.
KeywordsBiological Indicator Peracetic Acid Sterilization Process Chemical Indicator Steam Sterilization
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