• Sudhi Ranjan Garg


Rabies, also known as hydrophobia in man, is among the most dreadful zoonotic diseases. It affects the central nervous system of humans and warm-blooded animals. The disease is transmitted from animal to animal and from animal to man through saliva. Despite being vaccine preventable, rabies kills more than 55,000 people worldwide every year apart from causing huge loss of domestic animals. Most human rabies deaths occur in Asia and Africa; India alone shares 36 % of the global burden. Rabies virus is present on all continents except Antarctica. Many strains of rabies virus and many animal species are involved in the maintenance and transmission of the disease. All mammalian species including nonhuman primates and humans are affected. Major reservoir hosts vary with the area. Canine rabies predominates in most of the developing countries. More than 90 % of cases of human rabies are transmitted by dogs which is a major concern for public health in these countries. However, the disease is present mainly in wildlife hosts in some other regions. Besides canines, skunks, mongooses, raccoons, and bats, domestic animals including cattle, sheep, goats, horses, and swine are also susceptible.


Rabies Virus Human Rabies Golden Jackal Rabies Virus Strain Striped Skunk 


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sudhi Ranjan Garg
    • 1
  1. 1.Veterinary Public Health & EpidemiologyLala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal SciencesHisarIndia

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