Advertisement

Agency and Satisficing in Kolkata’s IT Sector

  • Zakir HusainEmail author
  • Mousumi Dutta
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Sociology book series (BRIEFSSOCY)

Abstract

This chapter applies the ‘satisficing’ framework (described in  Chap. 3) to women workers in Kolkata’s IT sector. It examines the economic and sociocultural changes shaping the constraints that define which outcomes are satisfactory, and analyses the behavioural patterns of respondents to show—by analysing responses to questionnaire-based interviews and case studies—how women workers successfully balance multiple, conflicting activities and objectives. Their testimony reveals their agency on different fronts; we argue that this agency indicates progress in gender relations.

Keywords

Agency Behavioural patterns Balancing work Household 

References

  1. Agarwal, B. (1994). A field of one’s own: Gender and land rights in South Asia. Cambridge: New Delhi.Google Scholar
  2. Badgett, M., Lee, V., & Folbre, N. (2001). Gender norms and economic outcomes. In M. F. Loutfi (Ed.), Women, gender and work: What is equality, and how do we get there? (pp. 327–341). Geneva: ILO.Google Scholar
  3. Basu, A. M., & Amin, S. (2000). Conditioning factors for fertility decline in Bengal: History, language identity, and openness to innovations. Population Development Review, 26, 761–794.Google Scholar
  4. Ben, Esther Ruiz. (2007). Defining expertise in software development while doing gender. Gender, Work and Organization, 14(4), 312–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bhattacharya, M. (2005). Culture. In J. Bagchi (Ed.), The changing status of women in West Bengal: 1970–2000. The challenge ahead. New Delhi: Sage Publishers.Google Scholar
  6. Centre for Organization Development. (2004). Final report on women in information technology. Report submitted to Department of Women & Child, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, Hyderabad.Google Scholar
  7. Crump, B. J., Logan, K. A., & McIlroy, A. (2007). Does gender still matter? A study of the views of women in the ICT industry in New Zealand. Gender, Work and Organization, 14(4), 349–370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ferguson, A. (1989). Blood at the root: Motherhood, sexuality and male dominance. London: Pandora Press.Google Scholar
  9. Hakim, C. (1991). Grateful slaves and self made women: Fact and fantasy in women’s work orientation. European Sociological Review, 7(2), 101–121.Google Scholar
  10. Hakim, C. (1995). Five feminist myths about women’s employment. British Journal of Sociology, 46(3), 429–455.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hakim, C. (1996a). The sexual division of labor and women’s heterogeneity. British Journal of Sociology, 47(1), 178–188.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hakim, C. (1996b). Key issues in women’s work: Female heterogeneity and the polarization of women’s employment. London: Athlone.Google Scholar
  13. Kelkar, G., & Nathan, D. (2002). Gender relations and technological change in Asia. Current Sociology, 50(3), 427–441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kelkar, G., Shreshtha, G., & Veena, N. (2002). IT industry and women’s agency. Gender, Technology and Development, 6(1), 63–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lee, J. C. (2004). Access, self-image and empowerment: Computer training for women entrepreneurs in Costa Rica. Gender Technology and Development, 6(1), 63–84.Google Scholar
  16. Mand, K. (2008). Marriage and migration through the life course: Experiences of widowhood, separation and divorce amongst transnational Sikh women. In R. Patriwala & P. Uberoi (Eds.), Marriage, migration and gender (pp. 286–302). New Delhi: Sage.Google Scholar
  17. Mies, M. (1986). Patriarchy and accumulation on a world scale. London: Zed Press.Google Scholar
  18. Mitter, S., & Rowbotham, S. (Eds.). (1995). Women encounter technology: changing patterns of employment in the third world. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Sen, A. K. (1990). Gender and co-operative conflicts. In I. Tinker (Ed.), Persistent inequalities: Women and world development (pp. 129–149). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Upadhya, C. (2005). Gender issues in the Indian software outsourcing industry. In A. Gurumurthy, P. J. Singh, A. Mundkur, & M. Swamy (Eds.), Gender in the information society: Emerging issues (pp. 74–84). New Delhi: UNDP-AIDP & Elsevier.Google Scholar
  21. Wajcman, J., & Pham Lobb, L. A. (2007). The gender relations of software work in Vietnam. Gender, Technology and Development, 11(1), 1–26.Google Scholar
  22. Young, M., & Willmott, P. (1973). The symmetrical family. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Humanities and Social SciencesIndian Institute of Technology KharagpurKharagpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsPresidency UniversityKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations