The Inside-Outside Story of Consciousness: A Phenomenological Exploration



Amidst the materialistic chaos of modernity, science has aspirations of offering the platters of calmness and serenity. The phenomenological wing of psychology tries to fathom the inner contents of self-consciousness to locate the patterns of its reflection in the outer fringes so that attitudinal components in the forms of thoughts, feelings, desires and phantasy can attain some quality of balance to restore tranquillity within. It studies consciousness or the natural course of experience that brings past into the present and opens up a space of possibilities from which choice makes a move to the future. But there is an inside and outside story of consciousness. Reflection seems to retrieve the surface glare of consciousness, the pre-reflective ones form the inner most base. The sole experience of this consciousness is self. All the experiences are characterized by a quality of “mineness”. The phenomenological approach serves as an indicator of evolution of self from pre-reflective to reflective state in the Dasein format of ontological development. The shift in the centre of gravity from consciousness (psychology) to existence (ontology), the subsequent direction of phenomenology has met an alteration making it at once both personal and mysterious. Phenomenologists offered a way to conceptualize experience that could accommodate those aspects of one’s existence that lie on the periphery of sentiment awareness.


Conscious Experience Phenomenal Quality Intentional Object Systematic Reflection Phenomenological Tradition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Butterworth, G. (1995). An ecological perspective on the origins of self. In J. Bermudez, A. Marcel, & N. Eilan (Eds.), The body and the self (pp. 87–107). Cambridge, MA: MIT Bradford Press.Google Scholar
  2. Butterworth, G. (1999). A developmental ecological perspective on Strawson’s “The Self”. In S. Gallagher & J. Shear (Eds.), Models of the self. Exeter: Imprint Academic.Google Scholar
  3. Gallagher, S. (1997). Mutual enlightenment: Recent phenomenology in cognitive science. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 4(3), 195–214.Google Scholar
  4. Hegel, G. W. F. (1920–1960). In G. Lasson & J. Hoffmeister (Eds.), Siimtliche Werke. Leipzig/Hamburg: Felix Meiner.Google Scholar
  5. Heidegger, M. (1986). Sein und Zeit (16th ed.). Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag.Google Scholar
  6. Heidegger, M. (1989). Die Grundprobleme der Phänomenologie Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann.Google Scholar
  7. Hoffmeyer, J. (1996). Signs of meaning in the universe (B. Haveland, Trans.). Bloomington: University of Indiana Press.Google Scholar
  8. Husserl, E. (1952). Ideen zu einer reinen Phanomenologie und phanomenologische Philosophie. In M. Biemel (Ed.), Husserliana IV (Vol. 11). The Hague: Nijhoff.Google Scholar
  9. Husserl, E. (1973). Experience and judgement (p. 57) (J. S. Churchill & K. Ameriks, Trans.). Evanston: North-Western University Press. (Original work published 1939)Google Scholar
  10. James, W. (1890). The principles of psychology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Neisser, U. (1988). Five kinds of knowledge. Philosophical Psychology, 1(1), 35–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ricoeur, P. (1950). Freedom and nature: The voluntary and the involuntary. Evanston: North Western University.Google Scholar
  13. Sartre, J.-P. (1971). Being and nothingness: An essay on phenomenological ontology (Hazel E. Barnes, Trans.). New York: Washington Square Press.Google Scholar
  14. Sartre, J.-P. (1972). The transcendence of the ego: An existentialist theory of consciousness (Forrest Williams & Rubert Kirkpatrick, Trans.). New York: The Noonday Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CalcuttaKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations