Ecological Aspects of Endophyte-Based Biocontrol of Forest Diseases

  • Johanna Witzell
  • Juan A. Martín
  • Kathrin Blumenstein


Recent studies have shown that the asymptomatic fungal endophytes may influence the outcome of forest trees’ interactions with pathogens and herbivores, raising a promise that endophytes might be utilized as biocontrol agents in integrated pest and disease management. However, practical applications for forest protection based on endophytes are still rare, in particular in the case of the economically and ecologically important large trees and their diseases. A better understanding of the ecological and biological background of the protection provided by endophytes may help to design new forest protection strategies that utilize endophytes in control of tree diseases. More information is also needed regarding the effects of silvicultural methods on endophyte communities at the level of single trees and forest stands. In this chapter, we discuss the motivation for continued research on endophyte-based biocontrol of forest tree diseases and some ecological aspects related to the topic.


Forest Tree Biocontrol Agent Endophytic Fungus Host Tree Forest Protection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johanna Witzell
    • 1
  • Juan A. Martín
    • 2
  • Kathrin Blumenstein
    • 1
  1. 1.Southern Swedish Forest Research CentreSwedish University of Agricultural SciencesAlnarpSweden
  2. 2.Departamento de SilvopasciculturaUniversidad Politécnica de MadridMadridSpain

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