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Introduction

  • Naresh Chandra Ghose
  • Nilanjan Chatterjee
  • Fareeduddin
Chapter

Abstract

An ophiolite is a section of the oceanic lithosphere emplaced on continental crust or within the accretionary prism sediments of a subduction zone. Much of our knowledge of the vertical structure of the ocean floor comes from the study of ophiolite sequences. From bottom to top, a typical and complete ophiolite sequence comprises depleted mantle peridotite with tectonite at the base, layered ultramafic–mafic cumulates, massive (isotropic) gabbro, sheeted dikes and extrusive volcanic rocks represented by pillow basalts (Anonymous 1972; Coleman 1977).

Keywords

Subduction Zone Pillow Basalt Ophiolitic Rock Ophiolite Sequence Oman Ophiolite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naresh Chandra Ghose
    • 1
  • Nilanjan Chatterjee
    • 2
  • Fareeduddin
    • 3
  1. 1.Geological Society of IndiaBengaluruIndia
  2. 2.Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary ScienceMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA
  3. 3.PPOD Division, SRGeological Survey of IndiaBengaluruIndia

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