Nematode Zoonoses



Nematode Zoonoses could be defined as “those nematode diseases which are naturally transmitted between (other) vertebrate animals and man”. Zoonotic nematodes infect millions of people worldwide. An overview of the epidemiology, transmission, clinical manifestations and diagnosis of zoonotic nematodes is presented, along with methods of prevention and control. Angiostrongylosis is endemic in south Asia, Pacific islands, Australia, China and Caribbean islands. Zoonotic ascariasis due to Ascaris suum has been widely reported in North America and some European countries. Baylisascaris procyonis, the intestinal roundworm of raccoons has been reported to cause severe neurologic disease in man. Subcutaneous migration of the animal hookworms could lead to cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) in man. Gnathostomiasis is a food-borne zoonosis of public health significance. Trichinellosis has been reported in most parts of the world except the deserts. The provision of safe food and water in the non-industrialised countries is of utmost importance for the prevention and control of these diseases.


Stage Larva Wild Boar Intermediate Host Nonhuman Primate Definitive Host 


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© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Public Health and ZoonosesGuru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences UniversityLudhianaIndia
  2. 2.Veterinary ParasitologyGuru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences UniversityLudhianaIndia

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