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Cestode Zoonoses

  • B. B. Singh Dhaliwal
  • Prayag Dutt Juyal
Chapter

Abstract

Cestode Zoonoses could be defined as “those cestode diseases which are naturally transmitted between (other) vertebrate animals and man.” The zoonotic cestodes belonging to family Taeniidae are of paramount importance in the developing world. Most of the food producing animals viz. cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat and pigs along with some other mammals act as intermediate hosts for Echinococcus granulosus. Human beings could become infected after accidental consumption of Echinococcus species eggs shed in the faeces of the definitive carnivorous host/animal. Taeniasis is a true zoonotic infection (Euzoonoses) where pig and cattle act as intermediate host for Taenia solium and Taenia saginata, respectively and human beings act as definitive/final hosts. Neurocysticercosis is an important public health issue and is responsible for neurological disorders worldwide. Besides important animal and human health concern; the economic losses arising due to these infections are enormous. Coenurosis is a rare zoonosis and more than 100 human cases have been reported across the globe. Other important cestodes include parasites such as Diphyllobothrium latum and Spirometra mansoni. Different epidemiological trends have been reported across the globe for diphyllobothriasis. The parasite Dipylidium caninum can cause disease in domestic dogs, cats, some wild carnivores and occasionally man. Sparganosis is a rare cestode zoonosis that can infect man. The parasite has been recorded across the globe but is commonly found in eastern Asia. The important cestodes transmitted through food and water includes T. solium, E. granulosus and D. latum.

Keywords

Intermediate Host Definitive Host Cystic Echinococcosis Alveolar Echinococcosis Important Public Health Issue 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Public Health and ZoonosesGuru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences UniversityLudhianaIndia
  2. 2.Veterinary ParasitologyGuru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences UniversityLudhianaIndia

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