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Trematode Zoonoses

  • B. B. Singh Dhaliwal
  • Prayag Dutt Juyal
Chapter

Abstract

Trematode zoonoses could be defined as “those trematode diseases which are naturally transmitted between (other) vertebrate animals and man”. Many neglected trematode zoonotic diseases are being considered as important human infections. The penetration of human skin by cercariae of avian schistosomes leads to cercarial dermatitis. Metagonimus yokogawai and Heterophes heterophes are the important heterophyids which could cause zoonotic disease. Pigs appear to be natural definitive host for Gastrodiscus hominis, which causes disease in human beings. Fasciolosis is mainly important in livestock but human cases have been reported from 42 countries. The parasite Fasciolopsis buski is prevalent in many Southeast Asian countries. Accidental ingestion of ants infected with Dicrocoelium dendriticum could cause human disease. Among all the liver flukes, Clonorchis sinensis is the most important fish-borne zoonoses prevalent in East Asia. The parasite Paragonimus westermani is found in Asia, Africa and South America. In Africa, the public health burden of schistosomiasis, caused by Schistosoma mansoni, S. hematobium and S. intercalatum is enormous.

Keywords

Intermediate Host Definitive Host Ventral Sucker Liver Fluke Freshwater Snail 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Public Health and ZoonosesGuru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences UniversityLudhianaIndia
  2. 2.Veterinary ParasitologyGuru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences UniversityLudhianaIndia

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