Protozoan zoonoses could be defined as “those protozoan diseases which are naturally transmitted between (other) vertebrate animals and man”. Diseases such as toxoplasmosis and cryptosporidiosis are worldwide in occurrence. Toxoplasma gondii, Cryptosporidium parvum and Sarcocystis suihominis are the most significant coccidian parasites affecting animals and man. Immunocompromised persons are always at higher risk of being infected with zoonotic parasites such as C. parvum, T. gondii, etc. Cryptosporidiosis is an emerging water-borne protozoan disease of public health significance. The parasite Sarcocystis suihominis is prevalent in pigs in Asian countries such as India and China. African trypanosomiasis, Chagas disease, leishmaniasis and zoonotic babesiosis are the important vector borne protozoan zoonotic diseases. African trypanosomiasis is still a priority zoonosis for the people in sub-Saharan Africa. The wild rodent P. leucopus acts as an important reservoir for B. microti human infections. Chagas disease is an important medical and economic concern in Latin America. Leishmaniasis has been reported from more than 80 countries.


Visceral Leishmaniasis Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Human African Trypanosomiasis Congenital Toxoplasmosis Sarcocystis Species 


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© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Public Health and ZoonosesGuru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences UniversityLudhianaIndia
  2. 2.Veterinary ParasitologyGuru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences UniversityLudhianaIndia

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