Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)


Any trembling of earth’s surface that follows a release of energy in the earth’s crust, generated by a sudden dislocation of a segment of crust, or by a volcanic eruption, or at times by manmade explosions, is defined as an Earthquake (Pakiser 1991; Abbot 1998; Bolt 1999).


Seismic Wave Subduction Zone Rayleigh Wave Focal Depth Plate Boundary 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Abbot PL (1998) Natural disasters. McGraw-Hill, New York, 400 pGoogle Scholar
  2. Bolt BA (1999) Earthquakes. W. H. Freeman, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Marsh WM, Kaufman MM (2012) Physical Geography: Great Systems and Global Environments. Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom, 720 pGoogle Scholar
  4. Pakiser LC (1991) Earthquakes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  5. Reiter L (1990) Earthquake hazard analysis, issues and insights. Colombia University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. Richter CF (1958) Elementary seismology. W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco, pp 135–149Google Scholar
  7. Scholz CH (1990) The mechanics of earthquakes and faulting. Cambridge University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Shearer P (1999) Introduction to seismology. Cambridge University Press, New York, 260 pGoogle Scholar
  9. Stein S, Wysession M (2002) Introduction to seismology, earthquakes and earth structure. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, 498 ppGoogle Scholar
  10. United States Geological Survey’s (USGS) National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC).
  11. Wood HO, Neumann F (1931) Modified Mercalli intensity scale of 1931. Bull Seismol Soc Am 21:277–283Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.New DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations