Aeolian Processes

  • Sreepat Jain
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)


Wind has the ability to transport, erode, and deposit sediments (Fig. 13.1). Generally, Aeolian (or Eolian or Æolian) processes remind us of a desert landscape of shifting sand dunes (Simonett, 1968; Brookfield and Ahlbrandt 1983; Abrahams and Parsons 1994). However, there are many other environments where wind is a significant land forming force. However, there are many other environments where wind is a significant land forming force. These include coasts, braided rivers, glacial outwash plains, and dustbowls. Wind plays a key role in a geological process that starts with the transportation of sediments, followed by erosion and its eventual deposition. Deposition results from velocity decrease, and/or due to the presence of obstacles in its course. But, for these processes to occur, limited vegetation cover is a prerequisite. Vegetation protects the ground by binding the surface and keeping it moist, but more importantly by reducing wind velocity due to boundary layer friction.


Wind Erosion Arid Zone Gobi Desert Dune Field Sand Sheet 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.New DelhiIndia

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