Climate Change and Livelihood: Are We Approaching Towards an Inevitable Change?

  • Abhijit Mitra


According to the World Resources Institute, 2.2 billion people, or 39 % of the world’s population, live on or within 100 km (60 miles) of seashore. Have we ever imagined the fate of this considerable chunk of population due to sea-level rise or natural disasters (like tsunami and cyclone)? These obvious problems cannot be escaped – either the problems will ruin away the population or the population will have to overcome the problems by mitigation and adaptation. Adaptation to climate disruptions involves developing ways of protection from climate impacts, such as building sea walls to protect communities from rising sea levels or relocating coastal communities. Mitigation involves implementing ways to reduce the rise of sea level, such as reducing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere that lead to thermal expansion of the ocean.


Coral Reef Coastal Zone Seawater Intrusion Disaster Risk Reduction Oyster Reef 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abhijit Mitra
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Marine ScienceUniversity of CalcuttaKolkataIndia

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