Climate Change and Plankton Spectrum of Mangrove Ecosystem

  • Abhijit Mitra


The pelagic environment of the ocean supports two basic types of marine organisms. One type comprises the plankton, or those organisms whose powers of locomotion are such that they are incapable of making their way against the current and thus are passively transported by currents in the aquatic system, and the other type includes the nekton (free swimmers), which are free-floating animals that, in contrast to plankton, are strong enough to swim against currents and are therefore independent of water movements. The category of nekton includes fish, squid and marine mammals.


Zooplankton Community Plankton Community Standing Stock Estuarine Environment Mangrove Ecosystem 

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abhijit Mitra
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Marine ScienceUniversity of CalcuttaKolkataIndia

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