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Impact of Climate Change on Mangroves

  • Abhijit Mitra
Chapter

Abstract

Climate change has several components of varied nature and scale that affect the ecosystems of the planet Earth. For mangroves, however, the most relevant components include changes in sea level, high water events, storminess, precipitation, temperature, atmospheric CO2 concentration, ocean circulation patterns, health of functionally linked neighbouring ecosystems as well as human responses to climate change. Of all the outcomes from changes in the atmosphere’s composition and alterations to land surfaces, relative sea-level rise may be the greatest threat to mangroves (Field 1995). Although, to date, it has likely been a smaller threat than anthropogenic activities such as conversion for aquaculture and filling (IUCN 1989; Primavera 1997; Valiela et al. 2001; Alongi 2002; Duke et al. 2007), relative sea-level rise is a substantial cause of recent and predicted future reductions in the area and health of mangroves and other tidal wetlands (IUCN 1989; Ellison and Stoddart 1991; Ellison 2000; Cahoon and Hensel 2006; McLeod and Salm 2006; Gilman et al. 2006, 2007a, b).

Keywords

Tide Gauge Mangrove Species Mangrove Ecosystem Mangrove Sediment Mangrove System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abhijit Mitra
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Marine ScienceUniversity of CalcuttaKolkataIndia

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