Recommendations and Conclusion

  • Sharit K. Bhowmik
  • Debdulal Saha
Part of the India Studies in Business and Economics book series (ISBE)


Since its inception in 1966, the UNDP—the United Nation’s global development network—has been engaged in achieving its mission: to help people build a better life. The organisation has laid down the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) or the goals that every member nations must achieve by 2015. The first among them is to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger by halving the proportion of people living on less than one dollar per day between 1990 and 2015. The Indian development goals similarly lay down another objective, namely, reduce poverty ratio by five percentage points by 2012 by providing gainful, high quality employment to labour force added over the Eleventh Five-Year Plan period (UNDP 2012).


Trade Union Urban Poor Financial Inclusion Street Vendor Loan Amount 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Bhowmik, S. K. (2001). Hawkers and the urban informal sector: A study of street vending in seven cities. Available at Accessed in March 2010.
  2. ILO (International Labour Organization). (2011). Small change, big changes: Women and microfinance. Available on Accessed in June 2012.
  3. Reserve Bank of India (RBI). (2008). Financial inclusion (Annual Report). Mumbai: RBI. Available on Accessed on June 2011.
  4. Reserve Bank of India (RBI). (2012). Credit delivery and financial inclusion (Annual Report). Mumbai: RBI. Available on Accessed on 15 September 2012.
  5. Tiwari, G. (2000, June). Encroachers or services providers? Seminar, 491, 26–31.Google Scholar
  6. UNDP (United Nations Development Programme). (2012). The millennium development goals report. New York: United Nations. Available on Accessed in June 2012.

Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sharit K. Bhowmik
    • 1
  • Debdulal Saha
    • 2
  1. 1.Tata Institute of Social SciencesMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Tata Institute of Social SciencesGuwahatiIndia

Personalised recommendations