Selection of Biomonitoring Species

  • Vertika Shukla
  • D. K. Upreti
  • Rajesh Bajpai


Lichens lack significant cuticle or epidermis and are devoid of a well-developed root system, therefore they absorb nutrients directly from the atmosphere. Along with nutrients, pollutants are also absorbed and/or adsorbed on the lichen thalli without having any visible signs of injury to the thallus. Lichens show differential sensitivity towards wide range of pollutants. Certain species are inherently more sensitive, while some species shows tolerance to high levels of pollutants. These characteristics make certain lichen species suitable for being utilised as an indicator species (based on their sensitivity and tolerance). These features of lichens, combined with their extraordinary capability to grow in a large geographical area, rank them among an ideal and reliable bioindicators of air pollution. Periodically monitoring lichen community and physiological changes in the lichen species may be effectively utilised to monitor air quality of an area. This chapter summarises the criteria for selection of biomonitoring species and how characters of host plant influences lichen diversity. Details about different lichen species utilised for biomonitoring have been discussed.


Lichen Species Epiphytic Lichen Lichen Community Lichen Diversity Crustose Lichen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vertika Shukla
    • 1
  • D. K. Upreti
    • 2
  • Rajesh Bajpai
    • 2
  1. 1.Environmental SciencesBabasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar UniversityLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Lichenology LaboratoryCSIR - National Botanical Research InstituteLucknowIndia

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