Plant–Microbe Symbiosis: Perspectives and Applications

  • Shivesh Sharma
  • K. P. Shukla
  • Vasudha Singh
  • Jyoti Singh
  • Shikha Devi
  • Ashish Tewari


Plants and microbes, copious in the environment, can quietly coexist or fight for survival. Within their environment, plants interact with a wide range of microorganisms, some of which are pathogenic and cause disease and others are beneficial and stimulate plant growth or activate innate immune system. In this chapter, we consider the existing literature on interactions between plants, microorganisms and soils and include considerations of applications of these interactions. Some of these interactions involve elaborate systems of communication, which in the case of symbiosis such as with arbuscular mycorrhiza are several hundreds of millions years old; others involve the release of exudates from plant roots, and other products of rhizodeposition that are used as substrates for soil microorganisms. Rhizosphere competence is an important requirement for the efficacy of the biocontrol strains. Therefore, over decades, multipurpose approaches have been combined to understand the molecular basis of bacterial traits involved in plant–microbe interaction. Here, we review recent advances and applications made in understanding the role of these interactions in modulating plant defence responses, plant growth promotion, sustainable agriculture, bioremediation and molecular aspect of these interactions.


Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Fungus Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon Endophytic Bacterium Biological Nitrogen Fixation Induce Systemic Resistance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



 Authors are thankful to the Director, MNNIT Allahabad, and Department of Biotechnology (DBT), New Delhi, for providing support and necessary financial support.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shivesh Sharma
    • 1
  • K. P. Shukla
    • 1
  • Vasudha Singh
    • 1
  • Jyoti Singh
    • 1
  • Shikha Devi
    • 1
  • Ashish Tewari
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyMotilal Nehru National Institute of TechnologyAllahabadIndia

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