On the Optical and Magnetic Properties of Doped-ZnO

  • J. Kumar
  • S. Ramasubramanian
  • R. Thangavel
  • M. Rajagopalan
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 180)


Investigations on the modifications of the optical and magnetic properties in ZnO due to different dopants have been carried out. First principle calculations were performed to understand the effect of dopants on the magnetic properties of ZnO. The studies revealed addition of nitrogen with cobalt enhances the total magnetic moment of the system. While considering the position of occupation of the dopants in the ZnO matrix, cobalt and nitrogen bonded pair is found to be energetically favorable. Likewise, lithium and cobalt co-doping in ZnO has been predicted to increase the magnetic moment of the system. Room temperature ferromagnetism has been observed in the Co and N, Li and Co co-doped ZnO films. Due to selective doping in ZnO, the bandgap can be tuned to the desired applications. Cadmium and magnesium co-doping is found to effectively modify the bandgap energy in the range between 3.3 eV and 3.66 eV.


Sapphire Substrate Room Temperature Ferromagnetism Zinc Acetate Dihydrate Cobalt Acetate Tetrahydrate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors thank the significant contributions from several researchers who collaborated in this work and in particular our thanks are due to Dr. G. Srinivasan, Dr. V. Ravichandran, and Dr. R. Thangavel


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Kumar
    • 1
  • S. Ramasubramanian
    • 1
  • R. Thangavel
    • 2
  • M. Rajagopalan
    • 1
  1. 1.Crystal Growth CentreAnna UniversityChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Research Centre for Applied SciencesAcademia SinicaTaipeiTaiwan

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