Zinc Oxide Nanomaterials as Amylase Inhibitors and for Water Pollution Control

Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 180)


Zinc oxide has been one of the most popular materials in the range of inorganic materials. In its bulk form, it has shown promises to the coatings and device industries. With the advent of nanotechnology, ZnO has expanded its range of applications to sensors, semiconductors, magnetic semiconductors, cosmetics, and also biomedicine. Last decade has witnessed tremendous research in all these domains, especially due to widening of the band gap and the ability to manipulate the nanostructures in various sizes and shapes. Some issues are still being evaluated; such as evolution of magnetic semiconducting nature and p-type or n-type origins of this fascinating material. However, in the biomedical domain, the material has shown interesting promises; namely as antimicrobial, antioxidant, and also as a sensor. In this article, we discuss on the ability of ZnO nanoparticles to work as amylase inhibitors and also as an efficient water pollution controlling agent. The ZnO candidature has been compared with TiO2 nanoparticles for water treatment. The amylase inhibitor activity has been compared with standard drug’s ability to control the conversion of starch to sugar. A strategy to make ZnO work as a probable selective biosensor is also discussed.


Zinc Oxide Methyl Orange Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles White Light Emitter Amylase Inhibitor 



It is a pleasure to thank Dr. M. S. R. Rao, the Editor of this book published by the Springer Publishers, for his kind invitation to write this chapter. SK would like to thank Dr. Prahlada, Vice Chancellor, Defence Institute of Advanced Technology (DIAT) for his constant encouragement and support. SK would also acknowledge “DRDO-DIAT programme on Nanomaterials” by ER&IPR, DRDO, New Delhi.


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© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronic-ScienceFergusson CollegePuneIndia
  2. 2.Department of Applied PhysicsDefence Institute of Advanced Technology (DIAT-DU)GirinagarIndia

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