X-Ray Methods



Phase analysis of high temperature decomposition products of kaolinite are of considerable interest to the mineralogists as well as to ceramic technologists. X-ray is one of the most important tools and is used extensively for investigation of phase transformation behaviors of kaolinite during heating. After the discovery of X-ray, different types of camera/photographic techniques were gradually developed for recording powder and single crystal data. Thereafter, more rapid and sophisticated diffractometer techniques came up. Using such techniques, various researchers tried to evaluate the structure of kaolin minerals on the one hand and studied to reveal the mechanism of its thermal reaction on the other hand. Earlier reviews by Vaughn (1956), Freund (1960), Richardson (1961), and Davis and Pask (1971) are cited.


Spinel Phase Phase Transformation Behavior Mullite Formation Mullite Phase Kaolinite Sample 


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© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Refractory Central Glass & Ceramic Research InstituteJadavpurIndia

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