Advertisement

Extraction Techniques

  • Akshoy Kumar Chakraborty
Chapter

Abstract

In olden days, even before the advent of X-rays and in absence of modern sophisticated phase characterization facilities, researchers were solely dependent upon chemical extraction techniques in order to dissolve component oxides so as to ascertain the nature of heated products of kaolinites as reviewed by Brindley and Nakahira (1959). Besides extraction techniques, dye absorption test and rehydration test on metakaolinite were also undertaken to reveal its nature.

Keywords

Amorphous SiO2 Acid Dissolution Alumina Component Intimate Mixture Aluminium Silicate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. V. Agafonoff, W.I Vernadsky, Compt. Rend. 178, 1082 (1924)Google Scholar
  2. P.P. Budnikov, Ber. Dtsch. Keram.Ges. 16, 349 (1935)Google Scholar
  3. L.R. Barrett, Trans. Brit. Ceram. Soc. 36, 201 (1937)Google Scholar
  4. G.W. Brindley, M. Nakahira, The kaolinite-mullite reaction series: I, A survey of outstanding problems. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 42, 311–14 (1959)Google Scholar
  5. F.W. Clarke, Constitution of the silicates. L7. S. Geol. Surury Bull. 125, 7–109; 32 (1895)Google Scholar
  6. E.B. Colegrave and G.R. Rigby, The Decomposition of kaolinite by heat. Trans. Brit. Ceram. Soc. 51(6) 355–367(1952)Google Scholar
  7. P. Dietzel, B. Dhekne, U ber die Rehydratation von Metakaolin. Berichte der Deutschen Keramischen Gesellschaft 34, 366–77 (1957)Google Scholar
  8. R.E. Grim, W.F. Bradley, Rehydration and dehydration of the clay minerals. Am. Mineral. 33, 50–59 (1948)Google Scholar
  9. P. Gilard, Verre Siicates Ind. 3, 57 (1948)Google Scholar
  10. J.F. Hyslop, Decomposition of clay by heat. Trans. Brit. Ceranz. Soc. 43(3) 49–51 (1944)Google Scholar
  11. R.W. Hill, Rehydrated and refried kaolinite minerals. Trans. Brit. Ceram. Soc. 55, 441 (1956)Google Scholar
  12. I.H. Insley, R.H. Ewell, Thermal behavior of the kaolin minerals. J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand.14 (S) 615–627 (1935)Google Scholar
  13. D. Jaffe, The Chemistry and Physics of Clays, 4th edn. by R.W. Grimshaw (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1971), p. 702Google Scholar
  14. G. Keppeler, Sprechsaal 58, 614 (1925)Google Scholar
  15. G. Keppler, G. Aurich, Sprechsaal 72, 71 (1939)Google Scholar
  16. E. Klever and E. Kordes, Glastechn. Ber. 7, 85, (1929)Google Scholar
  17. O. Krause H. Wohner, Uber Die Vorange Beim Bremmen Technischer Tone. Ber. Dtsch. Keram. Ges.13, 485 (1932)Google Scholar
  18. H. Le Chatlier, De 1’Action de la Chaleur sur les Argiles (Concerning the action of heat on clays), Bull. Soc. Fr. Mineral. 10, 204–211 (1887)Google Scholar
  19. V. Mellor I.I. Holdcroft, Chemical constitution of the kaolinite molecule. Trans. Ceram. Sor. (Engl.) 10, 94–120 (1911)Google Scholar
  20. B. Neumann and S. Kober, Sprechsaal 59, 607 (1926)Google Scholar
  21. R. Roy, G.W. Brindley, Study of the hydrothermal reconstitution of the kaolin minerals, in Proceedings of the IV National Conference Clays, (1956), p. 125Google Scholar
  22. I. Rhode, Keram. Rundschau. 35, (398–402), 414–415 (1927)Google Scholar
  23. H.M. Richardson, Phase changes which occur on heating kaolin clays. in The X-ray identification and crystal structures of clay minerals, ed. by G. Brown (The Mineralogical Soc., London, 1961) pp. 132–142Google Scholar
  24. H. Saalfeld, The hydrothermal formation of clay minerals from Metakaolin. Ber. Deut. Keram. Ges. 32, 150 (1955)Google Scholar
  25. H. Salmong, Physikalischen und cheinischen Grundlagcn der Keramik (Physical and Chemical Principles of Ceramics), p. 73. Julius Springer, Berlin, 1933. 229 pp.; Ceram. Abstr. 13(4), 103 (1934)Google Scholar
  26. P. Schachtschabel, Chemie der Erde 4, 395 (1930)Google Scholar
  27. A.N. Sokoloff, Molekulares Zerfall Vo Kaolinites Anfang Du Gluhens. Tonind. Ztg. 36, 1107–1110 (1912)Google Scholar
  28. G. Tammann, W. Pape, Ilber Den Wasserverlust Des Kaolines and Seinverhat-en In Festen Zuden Carbonatem Und Oxyden Der Erdalkalien, in Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 127, 43–68 (1923)Google Scholar
  29. C.J. Van Nieuwenburg, H.A.J. Pieters, Rehydration of Metakaolin and the synthesis of kaolin. Ber. Beut. Keram. Ges. 10, 260–263 (1929)Google Scholar
  30. K.A. Vesterberg, Kaolin and its thermal changes. Arkh Krmi, Jlinrml. GcoE. 9(1141), 26 (1925)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1. Refractory Central Glass & Ceramic Research InstituteJadavpurIndia

Personalised recommendations