Production Performance of Indian Agriculture in the Era of Economic Reforms

  • Sankar Kumar Bhaumik
  • Sk. Abdul Rashid


Agriculture was the predominant sector of the Indian economy at the time of the independence. About 55 % of GDP came from agriculture and about 70 % of the workforce was engaged in this sector at that time. So the planners and policy-makers emphasized on improving the performance of the agriculture sector in the initial Five-Year Plans as they realized that overall development of vast majority of the people in the country and achievements of developmental goals such as reduction of unemployment, poverty, malnutrition, and so on could not be fulfilled without it.


Production Performance Annual Growth Rate Economic Reform Wheat Production Major State 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Ahluwalia MS (1996) New economic policy and agriculture: some reflections. Indian J Agric Econ 51(3):412–426Google Scholar
  2. Andrews DWK (1993) Tests for parameter instability and structural change with unknown change point. Econometrica 61(4):821–856CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bai J, Perron P (1998) Estimating and testing linear models with multiple structural changes. Econometrica 66(1):47–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bai J, Perron P (2003) Computation and analysis of multiple structural change models. J App Econ 18(1):1–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bhalla GS, Singh G (2001) Indian agriculture: four decades of development. Sage Publications, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  6. Bhalla GS, Singh Gurmail (2012) Economic liberalisation and Indian agriculture: a district-level study. Sage Publications, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  7. Boyce JK (1987) Agrarian impasse in Bengal: agricultural growth in Bangladesh and West Bengal 1949–1980. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  8. Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (2010) Agriculture, Mumbai, June 2010Google Scholar
  9. Chand R (2009) Agricultural development policies and growth of Indian agriculture. In: Agarwal M (ed) India’s economic future: education, technology, energy and environment. Social Science Press, New Delhi, pp 103–127Google Scholar
  10. Chand R, Raju SS, Pandy LM (2007) Growth crisis in agriculture: severity of options at national and state levels. Econ Polit Weekly 42(2007):2528–2533Google Scholar
  11. Chand R, Parappurathu S (2012) Temporal and spatial variations in agricultural growth and its determinants. Econ Polit Weekly 46(26–27):55–64Google Scholar
  12. Chatterjeee S (2006) Financial sector reforms and rural credit in India. J Soc Econ Dev 8(2):121–146Google Scholar
  13. Cristiaensen L, Demery L, Kuhl J (2006) The role of agriculture in poverty reduction: an empirical perspective. The World Bank Policy Research Working Paper # 4013, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  14. Cristiaensen L, Demery L, Kuhl J (2010) The (Evolving) role of agriculture in poverty reduction: an empirical perspective, UNU-WIDER Working Paper # 2010/36, HelsinkiGoogle Scholar
  15. Cristiaensen L, Pan L, Wang S (2010) Drivers of poverty reduction in lagging regions: evidence from rural Western China. UNU-WIDER Working Paper # 2010/35, HelsinkiGoogle Scholar
  16. Janvry A de, Sadoulet E (2009) Agricultural growth and poverty reduction: additional evidence. The World Bank Res Obs 25(1):1–20Google Scholar
  17. Government of India (2008) Report of expert group on financial inclusion, Chairman: Dr. C R Rangarajan, Government of IndiaGoogle Scholar
  18. Gulati A (1998) Indian agriculture in an open economy. Will it prosper? In: Isher JA, Little IMD (eds) India’s economic reforms and development: essays for Manmohan Singh. Oxford University Press, New Delhi, pp 122–146Google Scholar
  19. Gulati A (2009) Emerging trends in Indian agriculture: what can we learn from these? 2nd Dayanath Jha memorial lecture. National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  20. Gulati A, Kelly T (1999) Trade liberalisation and Indian agriculture. Oxford University Press, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  21. Joshi V, Little IMD (1996) India’s economic reforms. Oxford University Press, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  22. Mahendra Dev S (2009) How to revive Indian agriculture? In: Singh S, Ratna Reddy V (eds) Changing contours of Asian agriculture, Academic Foundation, New Delhi, pp 203–237Google Scholar
  23. Planning Commission (2007) Agricultural strategy for the eleventh plan: some critical issues. Government of India, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  24. Quandt RE (1960) Tests of the hypothesis that a linear regression system obeys two separate regimes. J Am Stat Assoc 55(290):324–330Google Scholar
  25. Raghavan M (2008) Changing pattern of input use and cost of cultivation. Econ Polit Weekly 43(26 & 27):123–129Google Scholar
  26. Ravallion M (2010) Agriculture for poverty reduction revisited. Paper for the conference on agriculture for development Revisited, UC BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  27. Shah T, Gulati A, Hemant P, Shreedhar G, Jain RC (2009) Secret of Gujarat’s agrarian miracle after 2000. Econ Polit Weekly XLIV:45–55Google Scholar
  28. Singh G (2007) Growth of Indian agriculture: a district level study. Department of Economics, Punjab University, ChandigarhGoogle Scholar
  29. Singh M (1994) Inaugural address delivered at the 54th Annual Conference of the Indian Society of Agricultural Economics held at Shivaji University, Kolhapur (Maharashtra) on Nov 26, 1994 and published. In: Indian J Agric Econ 50(1) January–March, 1995Google Scholar
  30. Venkateswarlu A (2008) Agricultural development in India: policies and performance. In: Bhaumik SK (ed.) Reforming Indian agriculture: towards employment generation and poverty reduction, Sage publications, New Delhi, pp 25–41Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of CalcuttaKolkata India
  2. 2.Raja Birendra Chandra College (affiliated to University of Kalyani)MurshidabadIndia

Personalised recommendations