Indoor Air Pollution and Incidence of Morbidity: A Study on Urban West Bengal



Air pollution causes more than 3 million premature deaths worldwide every year (WHO factsheet 2011). Studies show that there is a strong association between poor quality of air and the human mortality and morbidity. Among five environmental risks explaining DALY, indoor smoke is the second most important factor and it affects mostly the low and middle income countries. The indoor pollution is more aggressive because the same amount of air pollutant released indoors, produces roughly thousand times more exposure-impact than it would do outdoors (Smith 2008). Sub Saharan Africa and South East Asian countries, especially Indian subcontinent, are the major bearer of the risk from indoor pollution from solid fuels. The concentration of indoor pollutants, particularly SPM and RPM, is alarming in India. It sometimes ranges between 2,000 and 18,000 μg/m3 against the safe level of 100 μg/m3 recommended by NAAQM standard (Smith, 1996).


Pollution Exposure Exposure Index Clean Fuel Primary Survey Indoor Pollution 
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© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DumDum Motijheel Rabindra MahavidyalayaKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsUniversity of CalcuttaKolkataIndia

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