Dualism in the Informal Economy: Exploring the Indian Informal Manufacturing Sector

  • Rajesh Bhattacharya
  • Snehashish Bhattacharya
  • Kalyan Kumar Sanyal


Over the past four decades, the informal economy has become central to understanding poverty in developing countries and devising welfare policies. The informal economy has emerged as an important economic space for state interventions in poverty alleviation. This is reflected in the explosion of official statistics on the informal sector at the national level. Yet, “informal economy” remains one of the fuzziest concepts in circulation, yielding to every contextual demand on its meaning. As Maloney (2004, p. 1159) observes, “[t]hree decades of research have not yielded consensus either on the definition of the informal sector or its “razon de ser”.”

We feel that to understand the current conjuncture of postcolonial development in countries like India, it is imperative to move beyond some of the dominant theories and the conventional debates on the informal economy, and cast a fresh look at conditions of existence, reproduction and survival of the informal sector. Moreover,...


Informal Sector Formal Sector Informal Economy Income State Contractual Relation 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajesh Bhattacharya
    • 1
  • Snehashish Bhattacharya
    • 1
  • Kalyan Kumar Sanyal
    • 2
  1. 1.South Asian UniversityNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.University of CalcuttaKolkataIndia

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