Digital video compression techniques have played an important role in the world of telecommunications and multimedia systems where bandwidth is still a valuable commodity. Video compression has two important benefits. First, it makes it possible to use digital video in transmission and storage environments that would not support uncompressed (‘raw’) video. For example, current Internet throughput rates are insufficient to handle uncompressed video in real time (even at low frame rates and/or small frame size). A Digital Versatile Disk (DVD) can only store a few seconds of raw video at television-quality resolution and frame rate and so DVD-Video storage would not be practical without video and audio compression. Second, video compression enables more efficient use of transmission and storage resources. If a high bit rate transmission channel is available, then it is a more attractive proposition to send high-resolution compressed video or multiple compressed video channels than to send a single, low-resolution, uncompressed stream. Even with constant advances in storage and transmission capacity, compression is likely to be an essential component of multimedia services for many years to come.
KeywordsDiscrete Cosine Transform Motion Estimation Video Code Current Frame Video Compression
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