India’s Social Stratification: Demography and Dilemmas
Social stratification as a specific configuration of distinct social groups identified on some criterion or other has been almost inextricably linked to the post-primordial human history and civilisation. Notwithstanding ominous haziness about the role played by social inequality per se in humanity’s progress, it is clear enough by now that social stratification, in an ultimate analysis, is an ideological, and/or ascription-based, construct. Despite physiological (e.g. genetic/racial) differentials being held by some quarters to be the key to racial stratifications, the latter inescapably boil down to socially formed constructs and/or social ascriptions.