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Effect of Climate Change on Grape and Its Value-Added Products

  • Jagdev Sharma
  • Ajay Kumar Upadhyay
  • Pandurang Gundappa Adsule
  • Sanjay Dinanath Sawant
  • Ajay Kumar Sharma
  • Jogaiah Satisha
  • Deependra Singh Yadav
  • Sahadeo Dashrath Ramteke
Chapter

Abstract

In India, majority of the grape vineyards are located in semiarid climate. Climate change may aggravate the already serious problems of irrigation water availability and salinity. The elevated CO2 levels may increase productivity in arid and semiarid regions, but the drought stress caused by higher evaporative demand may override beneficial effects of increased CO2 in the atmosphere unless irrigation is increased to compensate the evaporative demand. Higher temperature may advance the ripening of berries and alter the berry composition in both table and wine grapes, thereby affecting the quality of the produce. Developing heat-tolerant grape varieties and salt- and drought-tolerant rootstocks, though essential, requires long period. Until new varieties/technologies are developed to improve water use efficiency and cope up with salinity, the emphasis needs to be given on propagation of existing crop production techniques that can mitigate the impact of climate change. There is also likelihood of change in the incidence and pattern of insect pests like mealy bug, thrips and mites. Similarly the disease incidence pattern is also likely to be affected with the change in climate. This is evidenced by decrease in productivity during the recent years from more than 25 t/ha to 8.3 t/ha during the year 2009–2010 and11.7 t/ha during 2010–2011 due to unseasonal rains which lead to serious downy mildew incidence. Changes in cropping season to adjust to changed climate will bring market competition-related issues particularly for Indian table grape industry in domestic as well as global markets.

Keywords

Cover Crop Downy Mildew Drip Water Pinot Noir Thompson Seedless 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jagdev Sharma
    • 1
  • Ajay Kumar Upadhyay
    • 1
  • Pandurang Gundappa Adsule
    • 1
  • Sanjay Dinanath Sawant
    • 1
  • Ajay Kumar Sharma
    • 1
  • Jogaiah Satisha
    • 1
  • Deependra Singh Yadav
    • 1
  • Sahadeo Dashrath Ramteke
    • 1
  1. 1.National Research Centre for GrapesPuneIndia

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