Plantation Crops Response to Climate Change: Coconut Perspective

  • Kukkehalli Balachandra Hebbar
  • Doddaballapura Balasimha
  • George Vettimoottil Thomas


Plantation crops, mainly coconut, rubber, tea, coffee, oil palm, areca nut, cashew, and cocoa, are grown in ecologically sensitive areas such as coastal belts, hilly areas, and areas with high rainfall and high humidity. Among these coconut is a major multi-utility crop that plays a significant role in the economy of the countries, including 10 million farming communities in India. Climate change will affect coconut plantation through higher temperatures, elevated CO2 concentration, precipitation changes, and increased weeds, incidence of pests and disease, and increased vulnerability of organic carbon pools. Unlike in seasonal crops, the impact of climate change will have long-standing ill effects in coconut since it is a perennial crop. In general, various approaches are used to mitigate risks associated with seasonal climate variability, including the adoption of the tolerant crop varieties and best management practices. In this chapter the response and adaptive strategies of coconut are discussed with respect to climate change and its associated consequences.


Leaf Water Potential High Temperature Stress Coconut Palm Coconut Plantation Dwarf Variety 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kukkehalli Balachandra Hebbar
    • 1
  • Doddaballapura Balasimha
    • 1
  • George Vettimoottil Thomas
    • 1
  1. 1.Central Plantation Crops Research InstituteKasaragodIndia

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