Significance of Grafting in Improving Tolerance to Abiotic Stresses in Vegetable Crops Under Climate Change Scenario

  • Ravindra Mohan Bhatt
  • Nadipynayakanahally Krishnamurthy Srinivasa Rao
  • Divya Makkimane Harish
  • Srilakshmi


Climate change world over is resulting in erratic rainfall and high- and low-temperature spells. The plant survival and food and nutritional security may be under threat because fruits and vegetable crops are found to be sensitive to environmental extremes such as the prevailing high and low temperatures and limited (drought) and excess soil moisture (flooding). The occurrence of extreme environmental or weather conditions influences the morphological, physiological, biochemical and molecular aspects of plant growth and development at all stages and also causes various types of physiological and pathological disorders in the plants. At cellular level, these stresses disrupt the cellular redox homeostasis which leads to the oxidative stress or generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) which may sometimes cause cell injury and its death.

To meet the challenges of such extreme environmental conditions, different strategies were developed by the researchers and later on adopted by the farmers and agriculturists. One of the methods is to enhance or improve the genetic tolerance to such stresses by developing tolerant varieties. However, due to less genetic variability in relation to tolerance, breeding has remained a slow process in horticultural crops. In recent past, another significant method of adapting plants to counteract environmental stresses and improving the tolerance suggested by various researchers is changing the root system through grafting over selected vigorous rootstocks. Grafting is one of the promising tools for modifying the root system of the plant for enhancing its tolerance to various abiotic stresses. In present chapter, the importance of grafting in relation to different abiotic stresses has been discussed.


Stomatal Conductance Adventitious Root Vegetable Crop Horticultural Crop Bottle Gourd 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ravindra Mohan Bhatt
    • 1
  • Nadipynayakanahally Krishnamurthy Srinivasa Rao
    • 1
  • Divya Makkimane Harish
    • 1
  • Srilakshmi
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Plant Physiology and BiochemistryIndian Institute of Horticultural ResearchBengaluruIndia

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