Glycosylation of Phenols and Vitamins: An Overview

  • Soundar Divakar


The reactions were discussed in this chapter in terms of incubation period, pH, buffer, enzyme and substrate concentrations, regio- and stereoselectivity.


Calcium Alginate Glycosylation Reaction Carbohydrate Molecule Sweet Almond High Buffer Concentration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Adachi S, Kobayashi T (2005) Synthesis of esters by immobilized lipase catalyzed condensation reaction of sugars and fatty acids in water-miscible organic solvent. J Biosci Bioeng 99(2):87–89PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Camacho-Paez B, Robles Medina A, Camacho Rubio F, Gonzalez Moreno P, Molina Grim E (2003a) Modeling the effect of free water on enzyme activity in immobilized lipase- catalyzed reactions in organic solvents. Enzyme Microb Technol 33:845–853CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Camacho-Paez B, Robles MA, Camacho RF, Esteban-Cerdán L, Molina GE (2003b) Kinetics of lipase-catalysed interesterification of triolein and caprylic acid to produce structured lipids. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 78(4):461–470CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chiba S (1997) Molecular mechanism in α-glucosidase and glucoamylase. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 61:1233–1239PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dordick JS (1989) Enzymatic catalysis in monophasic organic solvents. Enzyme Microb Technol 11:194–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Humeau M, Girardin B, Rovel AM (1998) Effect of the thermodynamic water activity and the reaction medium hydrophobicity on the enzymatic synthesis of ascorbyl palmitate. J Biotechnol 63:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Marty A, Chulalaksananukul W, Condoret JS, Willemont RM, Durand G (1992) Comparison of lipase-catalyzed esterification in supercritical carbon dioxide and n-hexane. Biotechnol Lett 12(1):11–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Pardridge WM (2002) Targeting neurotherapeutic agents through the blood–brain barrier. Arch Neurol 59:35–40PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Romero MD, Calvo L, Alba C, Daneshfar A, Ghaziaskar HS (2003) Enzymatic synthesis of isoamyl acetate with immobilized Candida antarctica lipase in n-hexane. Enzyme Microb Technol 37:42–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Sivakumar R (2009) Enzymatic synthesis of selected phenolic and vitamin glycosides. PhD thesis, University of MysoreGoogle Scholar
  11. Valiveti RH, Johnston GA, Suckling CJ, Halling PJ (1991) Solvent effect on biocatalysis in organic systems equilibrium position and rates of lipase catalysed esterification. Biotechnol Bioeng 38:1137–1143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Vic G, Crout DHG (1995) Synthesis of allyl and benzyl β-D-glucopyranosides and allyl β-D-galactopyranoside from D-glucose or D-galactose and the corresponding alcohol using almond β-D-glucosidase. Carbohydr Res 279:315–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Vic G, Thomas D (1992) Enzyme-catalyzed synthesis of alkyl-β-D-glucosides in organic media. Tetrahedron Lett 33:4567–4570CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Vijayakumar GR (2007) Enzymatic synthesis of selected glycosides. PhD thesis, University of MysoreGoogle Scholar
  15. Vijayakumar GR, Divakar S (2005) Synthesis of guaiacol-α-D-glucoside and curcumin-bis-α- D-glucoside by an amyloglucosidase from Rhizopus. Biotechnol Lett 27:1411–1415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Vijayakumar GR, George C, Divakar S (2007) Synthesis of n-alkyl glucosides by amyloglucosidase. Indian J Chem B 46B:314–319Google Scholar
  17. Whitby LG (1971) Glycosides or riboflavin. In: McCormick CDB, Wright LD (eds) Vitamin and coenzymes. Methods in enzymology, 18B. Academic, New York, pp 404–413Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Central Food Technological Research InstituteMysoreIndia

Personalised recommendations