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Application of Diversity Index in Measurement of Species Diversity

  • Anju Agrawal
  • Krishna Gopal
Chapter

Abstract

Diversity index is a static measure for local members and consists of various types of objects. It is used to measure the local members of a set, and many fields can be studied to evaluate the diversity of any population. For instance, it is used in ecology to measure biodiversity in an ecosystem, in demography to measure the distribution of population of various demographic groups, in economics to measure the distribution over sectors of economic activity in a region and in information science to describe the complexity of a set of information. There are many income inequality indices such as Gini index, Theil index, Hoover index, Robin Hood index, Atkinson index, Suits index and generalised entropy index, that increase as diversity decreases, so that they can be used to measure diversity if it is understood that a smaller value represents higher diversity. The values of these indices can be viewed as representing a lack of diversity (isolation or segregation), redundancy, inequality, non-randomness or compressibility in the data.

Keywords

Diversity Index Code Word Herfindahl Index Theil Index Jackknife Estimate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Hill MO (1973) Diversity and evenness: a unifying notation and its consequences. Ecology 54:427–432CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Jost L (2006) Entropy and diversity. Oikos 113:363–375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Tuomisto H (2010a) A diversity of beta diversities: straightening up a concept gone awry. Part 1. Defining beta diversity as a function of alpha and gamma diversity. Ecography 33:2–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Tuomisto H (2010b) A consistent terminology for quantifying species diversity? Yes, it does exist. Oecologia 4:853–860CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anju Agrawal
    • 1
  • Krishna Gopal
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyS N Sen B V P G College CSJM UniversityKanpurIndia
  2. 2.Aquatic Toxicology DivisionCSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology ResearchLucknowIndia

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