Measuring Efficiency of Technical Education Institutions in Kerala Using Data Envelopment Analysis
The present study evaluates efficiency of a sample of engineering and polytechnic institutions in Kerala, a southern state of India, from the period 2003–2004 through 2005–2006. The efficiency is measured through a non-parametric approach, namely, data envelopment analysis (DEA). The study uses multistage DEA assuming input-oriented approach, and the efficiency scores of these institutions are computed and compared across various types of institutions. The study finds that diploma level polytechnic institutions are technically more efficient compared to engineering degree institutions, while the converse holds true for scale efficiency in Kerala. It is also found that all the large-sized engineering degree and most diploma institutions have exhausted scale economies and are operating under decreasing returns to scale. Further, the government institutions in the sample score over the other types of institutions in terms of technical efficiency and, in most cases, student enrolment as well, which suggests better utilisation of public resources.
KeywordsData Envelopment Analysis Technical Efficiency Efficiency Score Polytechnic Institution Scale Efficiency
This chapter is extracted from the Ph.D. thesis of the first author. It was presented earlier in a seminar at the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, IIT Madras. We acknowledge the comments received from an examiner of the thesis. We take responsibility for errors, if any, in the chapter.
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