Programmes and Planning of Vegetation Cover Development

  • Subodh Kumar Maiti


Revegetation of mined-out areas and overburden (OB) dumps is essential for effective and successful reclamation. In any revegetation planning, knowledge of the pre-existing vegetation and a vision for the development of desired ecosystem are essential. The plan should include specific strategies that are used to


Tree Species Composition Mine Spoil Direct Seeding Aerial Height Leucaena Leucocephala 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Ashby WC, Vogel WG (1993) Tree planting on Mined Lands in the Midwest – a handbook. Coal Research Center, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, p 115Google Scholar
  2. Coppin NJ, Bradshaw AD (1982) Quarry reclamation. Mining Journal Books, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. CPCB (2000) Guidelines for developing green belts, Programme objectives series: PROBES/75/1999-2000. Central Pollution Control Board, New Delhi, p 203Google Scholar
  4. Donahue RL, Miller RW, Shickluna JC (1990) Soils – an introduction to soils and plant growth, 5th edn. PHI, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  5. Grewer G (1988) Direct seeding of trees. In: The Esperance Tree Book. Esperance Soil Conservation District Advisory Committee, Esperance WA, pp 37–48Google Scholar
  6. Jha AK, Singh JS (1992) Influence on microsites on redevelopment of vegetation on coalmine spoils in a dry tropical environment. J of Env Manage 36: 95–116Google Scholar
  7. Jha AK, Singh A, Singh AN, Singh JS (1999) Tree canopy development in young plantations raised on coalmine spoil affects the growth of herbaceous vegetation. Indian For 125(3):305–307Google Scholar
  8. Maiti SK (1995) Some experimental studies on Ecological aspects of reclamation in Jharia coalfield. Ph.D dissertation, Indian School of Mines, DhanbadGoogle Scholar
  9. Maiti SK (2002) Ecological environment. In: Saxena NC et al (eds) Environmental management in mining areas. Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, pp 110–141Google Scholar
  10. Maiti SK (2003) MoEF report on “An assessment of overburden dump rehabilitation technologies adopted in CCL, NCL, MCL and SECL mines” (No. J-15012/38/98-IA II (M)). MOEF, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  11. Maiti SK (2006) Ecorestoration of coalmine OB dumps – with special emphasis on tree species and improvements of dump physico-chemical, nutritional and biological characteristics. MGMI Trans 102(1&2):21–36Google Scholar
  12. Maiti SK (2007) Minesoil properties of different aged reclaimed coal mine overburden dumps of Korba, Gevra and Kusmunda area of SECL, India. MINETECH 28(2&3):93–98Google Scholar
  13. Maiti SK (2010) Revegetation planning for the degraded soil and site aggregates in Dump sites. In: Bhattacharya J (ed) Project environmental clearance. Wide Publishing, Kolkata, pp 189–228Google Scholar
  14. Maiti SK, Ghose MK (2005) Ecorestoration of acidic coalmine overburden dumps – an Indian case studies. Land Contam Recl 13(4):361–369Google Scholar
  15. Maiti SK, Reddy MS (2003) Nutrient accumulation in reclaimed overburden dumps of Ramagundam OCP-1, SCCL, India. In: Srivastava BK (ed) Proceedings of “Environmental Management in Mines” (SEMMI 2003). Mining Engineering Department, BHU, Varanasi, 17–18th Jan 2003, pp 249–256Google Scholar
  16. Maiti SK, Shee C, Ghose MK (2007) Selection of plant species for the reclamation of mine degraded land in the Indian context. Land Conta Recla 15(1):55–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Miller S (1999) Successful tree planting techniques for drastically disturbed lands: a case study of the propagation and planting of container-grown oak and nut trees in Missouri. Online document:
  18. Mine Rehabilitation (2006) Leading Practice Sustainable Development Program for the Mining Industry, Gov of Australia.
  19. SER (2004) The SER International Primer on Ecological Restoration. & Tucson: Society for Ecological Restoration International
  20. Vogel WG (1987) A manual for training reclamation inspectors in the fundamentals of soils and revegetation. USDA, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, Berea, KYGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Subodh Kumar Maiti
    • 1
  1. 1.Indian School of Mines Department of Environmental Science and EngineeringCentre for Mining EnvironmentDhanbadIndia

Personalised recommendations