Soil Microbiological Parameters

  • Subodh Kumar Maiti


The soil is a tremendous biological laboratory. The roles of microorganisms are as follows: responsible for decomposition of litter, mineralisation process, nutrient cycling, accumulation of organic matter and formation of humus. There are three important groups of microbes: (a) bacteria, (b) fungi and (c) actinomycetes.


Microbial Biomass Soil Respiration Microbial Biomass Carbon Metal Cylinder Feeder Root 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Alexander K (1977) Introduction to soil microbiology, 2nd edn. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Allen SE, Grimshaw HW, Parkinson JA, Quarmby C (1974) Chemical analysis of ecological materials. Wiley, New York, p 565Google Scholar
  3. Biermann B, Linderman R G (1981). Quantifying vesiculararbuscular mycorrhizae: a proposed method toward standardization. New Phytologist 87, 63-67.
  4. Biswas TD, Mukherjee SK (1994) Textbook of soil science, 2nd edn. Tata McGraw Hill, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  5. Casida LE Jr (1977) Microbial metabolic activity in soil as measured by dehydrogenase determinations. App Environ Microbiol 34(6):630–636. Google Scholar
  6. Christian W et al (2000) A rapid chloroform-fumigation extraction method for measuring soil microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen in flooded rice soils. Biol Fertil Soils, 30:510–519.
  7. Gaur A, Adholeya A (1994) Estimation of VAM spores in the soil: a modified method. Mycorrhiza News 6(1):10–11Google Scholar
  8. Gerdeman WH, Nicolson TH (1963) Spores of Mycorrhizal Endogone species extracted from soil by wet sieving and decanting. Trans Br Mycol Soc 46:235–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jenkinson DS (1977) The soil biomass. NZ Soil News, 25:213–218Google Scholar
  10. Maiti SK (1997) Importance of VAM fungi in coalmine overburden reclamation & factors effecting the establishment of VAM Fungi on overburden dumps. Environ Ecol 15(3):602–608Google Scholar
  11. Martens R (1995) Current methods for measuring microbial biomass C in soil: Potentials and limitations. Biol Fertil Soils.19:87–99.
  12. Pepper IL, Gerba CP, Brendecke JN (1998) Environmental microbiology- a laboratory manual. Academic press Limited, LondonGoogle Scholar
  13. Singh SS, Tiwary SC (2001) Modified wet sieving and decanting techniques for enhanced recovery of vasicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi from forest soil. Mycorrhiza News 12(4):12–13Google Scholar
  14. Vance ED, Brookes PC, Jenkinson DS (1987) An extraction method for measuring soil microbial biomass C. Soil Biol Biochem.19:703-707. OR
  15. Williams ST, Willington EMH (1982) Actinomycetes. In: Page AL et al (eds) Methods of soil analysis, Part 2: chemical and microbiological properties, 2nd edn. Am Soc Agro Inc, Madison, pp 969–987Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Subodh Kumar Maiti
    • 1
  1. 1.Indian School of Mines Department of Environmental Science and EngineeringCentre for Mining EnvironmentDhanbadIndia

Personalised recommendations