• Subodh Kumar Maiti


Coal mining industry in India plays a very important role in the country’s economy—more than 70% of the total power generated in the country is from coal, and considering the total energy requirement, coal contributes more than half. India’s coal consumption ranks third in the world, and the country’s demand for coal continues to grow much faster than the world average. The estimated recoverable reserve of coal and lignite is 101.9 billion tonnes (Bt), which is about 10% of the total world reserves (Table 1.1). As of 31.03.10, the estimated reserves of coal were around 277 Bt, an addition of 10 Bt over the last year. Coal deposits are mainly confined to eastern and south central parts of the country. The states of Jharkhand, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh account for more than 99% of the total coal reserves in the country. If India has to sustain an 8–10% economic growth rate, over the next 25 years, to eradicate poverty and meet its human development goals, an increase in its primary energy supply by 3–4 times compared to the level of 2003–2004 is required.


Ecological Restoration Coal Production Waste Dump Mine Spoil Seed Mixture 
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© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Subodh Kumar Maiti
    • 1
  1. 1.Indian School of Mines Department of Environmental Science and EngineeringCentre for Mining EnvironmentDhanbadIndia

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