Mechanism of Seed Transmission

  • K. Subramanya Sastry


The specific mechanism by which some plant viruses are transmitted through seed, while others are excluded, is known very little. Genetic tests designed to identify the viral genes which control seed transmission may aid in the discovery of this mechanism.

Cytoplasmic connections between the infected mother plant, flower and the developing seeds influence the seed infection. The higher the embryonic seed infection, the greater will be the size and number of cytoplasmic connections. Since legumes develop cytoplasmic connections more frequently than cereals, the percentage of virus transmission through seeds in legumes is higher than in cereals.

The information on the distribution of virus in the seed is also presented. Survival of the virus in seed varies with virus strain, the cultivar and storage conditions. Some aspects of genetics of seed transmission are also presented. Factors like environmental aspects, stage of infection, host cultivar and virus strain/isolate play major role in seed transmission in different virus–host combinations. The information on reasons for failure of seed transmission is also presented.


Pollen Tube Megaspore Mother Cell Seed Transmission Barley Stripe Mosaic Virus Potato Spindle Tuber Viroid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Subramanya Sastry
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of VirologyS.V. UniversityTirupathiIndia

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