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Marker-Assisted Breeding for Stress Resistance in Crop Plants

  • Jogeswar Panigrahi
  • Ramya Ranjan Mishra
  • Alok Ranjan Sahu
  • Sobha Chandra Rath
  • Chitta Ranjan Kole
Chapter

Abstract

Molecular markers have extensively been used for tagging and mapping of genes and QTLs conferring resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. These tools have also been used for screening of germplasms, fingerprinting, and marker-assisted breeding in crop systems. This chapter presents an overview on the basic concepts of molecular mapping and marker-assisted breeding and its most widely used applications in crop improvement programs, viz., marker-assisted backcross breeding, gene introgression, gene pyramiding, and marker-assisted selection at an early generation, with emphasis on stress-related traits and examples from several crops. We have also discussed some quantitative aspects of marker-based introgression, backcross breeding, and gene pyramiding programs. We have also added a note on breeding by design and genomic selection as tools for future breeding endeavors aiming at introgression of stress resistance into high-yielding cultivars. Harnessing the full potential of marker-aided breeding for improvement of stress resistance in crop systems will require a multidisciplinary approach and integrated knowledge of the molecular and physiological processes influencing the stress-related traits. Hence, marker-aided breeding for stress resistance in the post-genomic era poses great challenge for molecular breeders to realize the target objectives.

Keywords

Quantitative Trait Locus Stress Resistance Linkage Drag Horizontal Resistance Backcross Breeding 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jogeswar Panigrahi
    • 1
  • Ramya Ranjan Mishra
    • 1
  • Alok Ranjan Sahu
    • 1
  • Sobha Chandra Rath
    • 1
  • Chitta Ranjan Kole
    • 2
  1. 1.Plant Biotechnology Laboratory, School of Life SciencesSambalpur UniversitySambalpurIndia
  2. 2.Institute of Nutraceutical ResearchClemson UniversityClemsonUSA

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