Abiotic and Biotic Stress Tolerance in Plants



Environmental stresses play crucial roles in the productivity, survival and reproductive biology of plants as well as crops. Plants are subjected to many forms of environmental stress, which can be included into two broad areas: abiotic (physical environment) and biotic (e.g. pathogen, herbivore). However, plants evolve different mechanisms of tolerance to cope with the stress effects. These mechanisms comprise physiological, biochemical, molecular and genetic changes. This chapter represents a general overview of the major mechanisms developed by plants to tolerate environmental stresses, both abiotic (drought, high temperature, chilling and freezing, UV-B radiation, salinity and heavy metals) and biotic (herbivory, pathogen and parasite and allelopathy). Since the length and complexity of the topic is so wide, the effects of the different stresses on plant physiology and biochemistry, as well as the synergies between types of stresses, are beyond the scope of this chapter.


Salt Tolerance Compatible Solute Glycine Betaine Turgor Pressure Salt Gland 



I am grateful to the Spanish Science and Technology Ministry, Govt. of Spain for its financial support (project CTM2008-04453).


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© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Biología Vegetal y Ecología, Facultad de BiologíaUniversidad de SevillaSevillaSpain

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