Technology Management in India’s Plantation Sector: Structural Infirmities Perspective

Overview of Tea & Coffee, Indigenous Machinery, Effects of Climate Change, Production Management, Quality & Safety, Trans-disciplinary R&D and Conclusion


This chapter addresses the question of how commodity enterprises can improve their competitiveness through the identification of structural infirmities and development of appropriate technology to raise the level of industrial development and grow their GDP. Technology management in plantation involves the application of management skills to the discovery, development, operation and proper use of technology and other resources to solve problems and improve efficiency and effectiveness. The major objective of this chapter is to outline a comprehensive framework on structural infirmities in coffee and tea sector with special reference to productivity, labour management, mechanization, quality and overall competitiveness of the sector. Critical case evaluation and field-based observations highlight that the technology management with special focus on mechanization reduces the dependence over labour. It implicates the importance of multidisciplinary research and other departments to evolve appropriate implements and machineries. However, non-existence of separate R&D division for design, development and evaluation of appropriate tools and machines within ergonomic aspects for estate operations acts as a major infirmity. Also, indigenously developed machines and its unsuitability of existing planting designs/terrain conditions hinder overall productivity of the sector. This chapter looks at these aspects in detail and draws upon the lessons that would suit Indian plantations to identify considerable trans-disciplinary learning across commodity for improved productivity, technology management and competitiveness.


Coffee Production Quality Assurance System Compound Annual Growth Rate Elevated Carbon Dioxide Ergonomic Aspect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Arya OP (2007) Report of the Committee on Legislation Plantation Sector. Department of Commerce, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  2. Coffee Board of India (2009) Database on coffeeGoogle Scholar
  3. Coffee Board of India (2010) Database on Coffee, July–SeptemberGoogle Scholar
  4. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2010) Statistic, FAO website
  5. Crisil Research, Annual Review on Tea 2009Google Scholar
  6. Indian Institute of Plantation Management (2011) Report on Structural Infirmities in Plantation Sector (SIPS): coffee. April, IIPM, BangaloreGoogle Scholar
  7. Indian Institute of Plantation Management (2011) Report on Structural Infirmities in Plantation Sector (SIPS): tea. April, IIPM, BangaloreGoogle Scholar
  8. International Coffee Organization (2008) Statistics, country profiles, ICO website
  9. International Trade Centre (2002) Coffee: an exporter’s guide. ITC, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  10. Miebach Group (2004) Logistics and cost competitiveness of coffee exporting countriesGoogle Scholar
  11. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (1992) Technology and economic growth. In: Technology and the economy: the key relationships. OECD, Paris, p 184, Chapter 8Google Scholar
  12. Raghuramulu Y (2010) Mechanization in Indian coffee. A status report. Coffee Board of India BangaloreGoogle Scholar
  13. Tea Board of India, Tea Plantation Development Scheme for the XI Plan periodGoogle Scholar
  14. Tea Board of India (official website), accessed during July 2010 – April 2011Google Scholar
  15. The Plantation Labour Act (1951) Gazette of IndiaGoogle Scholar
  16. World Bank (2007 and 2011) Doing business databasesGoogle Scholar
  17. World Bank (2008–2011) Colombia trade logistics projectGoogle Scholar

The following websites were visited and relevant information was accessed during January-April 2011

  1. Cenicafe, ColumbiaGoogle Scholar
  2. Embrapa, BrazilGoogle Scholar
  3. FNC, ColumbiaGoogle Scholar
  4. Global Exchange, ‘Fair-trade Farmers in Colombia’Google Scholar
  5. Vietnam Coffee and Cocoa Association (VICOFA)Google Scholar
  6. Western Highlands Agriculture and Forestry Science Institute (WASI), Vietnam.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Production & Operations Management, Indian Institute of Plantation Management (IIPM)BangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations