J.E. Littlewood: Ramanujan’s Contemporary and Hardy’s Collaborator
J.E. Littlewood was G.H. Hardy’s close collaborator. Hardy consulted Littlewood to evaluate the significance of the claims in Ramanujan’s letters. This article describes the life of Littlewood and various unique aspects of the Hardy–Littlewood partnership. Also included is a discussion of the Circle Method that Hardy and Littlewood developed into a powerful tool in additive number theory, the method having its basic formulation in the Hardy–Ramanujan paper on the asymptotics of the partition function.