e-Leadership for e-Government in Indonesia



The development of e-government in Indonesia, as mandated by the President Instruction No. 3 Year 2003 on Policy and National Strategy for Development of e-Government, is an effort to develop an electronic-based government so as to improve the quality of public services and to realize good governance. The anticipated benefits of e-government include efficiency and effective, improved services, better accessibility of public services and more participative, transparent and accountable government management. However, due to the complex process during its development, e-government has not been implemented successfully, especially in government institutions. Based on research on best practices of e-government implementation in several regions, it is found that the key factor in capacity building for e-government is strong leadership. The leadership in question mostly has the ability to manage personnel, equipment and other organizational resources and to use ICT to solve problems and achieve the vision and mission of his organization. Leadership that has such competencies is commonly known as e-leadership.


Public Service Transformational Leadership Good Governance Leadership Competency Local Government Agency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Aisonhaji (2008) E-leadership: vital success factors of e-gov implementation. http://aisonhaji.wordpress.com/2008. Retrieved 1 Dec 2008
  2. Allen BA, Juillet L, Paquet G, Roy J (2001) E-governance and government online in Canada: partnerships, people and prospects. Govern Inf Q 18:93–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Avolio B (1999) Full leadership development building the vital forces in organizations. Sage, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Bass BM (1985) Leadership and performance beyond expectation. The Free Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Bass BM, Riggio RE (2005) Transformational leadership, 2nd edn. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, HillsdaleGoogle Scholar
  6. Boudreau M et al (1998) Going global: using information technology to advance the competitiveness of the virtual transnational organization. Acad Manag Exec 12(4):120–128Google Scholar
  7. Burke R (2008) E-leadership. Retrieved 5 Dec 2008, from http://www.metafuture.org/articles­bycolleagues
  8. Burns JM (1978) Leadership. Harper & Row, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ciulla JB (1997) Ethics and critical thinking in leadership education. J Leadersh Org Stud 3(3):110–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Haryono T, Widiwardono YK (2010) Current status and issues of e-government in Indonesia. Retrieved 15 Oct, from http://www.aseansec.org/13757.htm
  11. Heeks R, Davies A (1999) Different approaches to information age reform. In: Heeks R (ed) Reinventing government in the information age: IT public sector reform. Routledge, Abingdon/London, pp 22–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hjelm LA, McCarthy TJ (2001, May) International electronic transactions: ensuring compliance with U.S. customs and international trade laws. The Metropolitan Corporate CounselGoogle Scholar
  13. Janssen D, Rotthier S, Snijkers K (2000) If you measure it they will score: an assessment of international benchmarking. J Inf Polity 9(3,4)Google Scholar
  14. Leithwood K, Jantzi D (1990) Transformational leadership: how principals can help school cultures. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Canadian Association for Curriculum Studies, Victoria, British ColumbiaGoogle Scholar
  15. Luthans F, Avolio BJ (2003) Authentic leadership: a positive developmental approach. In: Cameron KS, Dutton JE, Quinn RE (eds) Positive organizational scholarship. Berrett-Koehler, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  16. Raharjo B (2008) as quoted by Aisonhaji (2008) E-leadership: vital success factors of e-gov. implementation. Retrieved 1 Dec, from http://aisonhaji.wordpress.com
  17. Rees E (2006) Seven principle of transformational leadership, http://ww.pastors.com/articles 9/21/2012Google Scholar
  18. Rogers EM (1995) Diffusion of innovations. The Free Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. Soebhan SR (2004) Model reformasi birokrasi Indonesia (Indonesian bureaucracy model). Retrieved 10 Oct, from syafuan@indonet.comGoogle Scholar
  20. Suprawoto (2008) Implementing e-gov, e-leadership must be strong first. Retrieved 5 Dec, from yunus@wartaegov.comGoogle Scholar
  21. The Government of the Republic of Indonesia (2001) President instruction No. 6 Year 2001 on the development and utilization of telematics. Retrieved 20 Sept, from http://www.deptan.go.id/bdd/admin/i_presiden/Inpres-01-01.pdf
  22. The Government of the Republic of Indonesia (2003) President instruction No. 3 Year 2003 on policy and national strategy for development of e-government. Retrieved 20 Sept, from http://www.deptan.go.id/bdd/admin/i_presiden/Inpres-03-03.pdf
  23. The Indonesian State Ministry of Communication and Information (2003) The strategic plan on the implementation of e-government. Jakarta, IndonesiaGoogle Scholar
  24. The World Bank (2011) Definition of e-Government. Retrieved 26 May 2011, from http://go.worldbank.org/M1JHE0Z280
  25. Wahid F (2007) Lessons from the Sragen e-Gov. Retrieved 5 Dec 2008, from http://fathulwahid.wordpress.com/2007/06/24/pelajaran-dari-e-gov-sragen-2/

Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Head of Research and Development for Information System and Administration AutomationNational Institute of Public Administration of the Republic of IndonesiaCentral JakartaIndonesia

Personalised recommendations