Assessment of Technology in the View of Sustainability and Capability Approach: A Case-study of Home Inverters

  • Pramod Khadilkar
  • Monto Mani
Conference paper


This chapter presents a methodology to assess technology in view of sustainability. As a designer/policymaker, it is crucial to have an informed perception on any technology/product meant for society. In successfully designing and strategizing a technology/product for a given market, it is crucial to assess relevant societal, environmental, and economic impacts. Simply put, sustainability in view of any technology would gauge the health of the system (society) with and without that technology. However, the societal, environmental, and economic implications are intertwined and require a systems approach to tackle. Recognizing the fact that the human dimension is central in the introduction/adoption of any technology, the capability approach aims to further integrate human capabilities with technology interventions for sustainability. A methodology, with a working case study of home inverters, to evaluate a technology/product in view of sustainability has been proposed, discussed, and presented in this chapter.


Life Cycle Assessment Capability Approach Sustainability Assessment Urban Ecology Initial View 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This chapter is primarily an outcome of a project undertaken as part of the course on Technology and Sustainable Development offered at the Indian Institute of Science. Integrating the capability approach dimension has been made possible as part of a research grant from the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) for the project “Technology and Human Development – A Capability Approach.”


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Product Design and ManufacturingIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Sustainable Technologies and Centre for Product Design and ManufacturingIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia

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